1 resisting control or authority; "temperamentally rebellious"; "a rebellious crew"
3 participating in organized resistance to a constituted government; "the rebelling confederacy" [syn: rebel(a), rebelling(a)]
- Rhymes: -ɛliəs
- Showing rebellion.
behaviours from civil disobedience and mass nonviolent resistance, to violent and organized attempts to destroy an established authority such as the government. Those who participate in rebellions are known as "rebels".
Throughout history, many different groups that opposed their governments have been called rebels. In the United States, the term was used for the Continentals by the British in the Revolutionary War, and the Confederacy by the Union in the American Civil War. It also includes members of paramilitary forces who take up arms against an established government.
Most unarmed rebellions have not been against authority in general, but rather have sought to establish a new government in their place. For example, the Boxer Rebellion sought to implement a stronger government in China in place of the weak and divided government of the time. The Jacobite Risings (called "Jacobite Rebellions" by the government) attempted to restore the deposed Stuart kings to the thrones of England and Scotland, rather than abolish the monarchy completely.
Types of rebellionA violent rebellion is sometimes referred to as an insurgency, while a larger conflict may escalate into a civil war. There are a number of terms that fall under the umbrella of rebel, and they range from those with positive connotations to those with pejorative connotations. Examples include:
- Nonviolent resistance or civil disobedience, which do not include violence or paramilitary force
- Resistance movement, which is carried out by freedom fighters, often against an occupying foreign power
- Revolution, which is carried out by radicals, usually meant to overthrow the current government
- Uprising, which is carried out by militants
- Revolt, a term that is sometimes used for a more localized rebellions rather than a general uprising
- Mutiny, which is carried out by military or security forces against their commanders
- Subversion, which are non-overt attempts at sabotaging a government, carried out by spies or other subversives
- Terrorism, which is carried out by different kinds of political or religious extremists
rebellious in Aymara: Sayt'awi
rebellious in Czech: Rebelie
rebellious in German: Aufstand
rebellious in Spanish: Rebelión
rebellious in Esperanto: Ribelo
rebellious in French: Révolte
rebellious in Indonesian: Pemberontakan
rebellious in Icelandic: Uppreisn
rebellious in Italian: Rivolta
rebellious in Dutch: Opstand
rebellious in Norwegian: Opprør
rebellious in Polish: Rebeliant
rebellious in Portuguese: Rebelião
rebellious in Russian: Восстание
rebellious in Simple English: Rebellion
rebellious in Finnish: Kapina
rebellious in Swedish: Uppror
rebellious in Chinese: 武装起事
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